Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines

Risk Factors for Stroke

Modifiable 

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Overweight
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Cardiac disease
  • Previous stroke
  • Previous TIA
  • Asymptomatic carotid stenosis
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coagulation disorders
  • Hormone replacement therapy

Non-modifiable 

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Male sex
  • Ethnicity
  • Heredity
  • Socioeconomic status

Probable 

  • Drug & alcohol abuse
  • Stress
  • Sleep apnea
  • Migraine headache
  • Oral contraceptive use
  • Congenital cardiac anomalies
  • Elevated homocysteine levels
  • Sympathomimetic agents