Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines

Protective Factors
  • Intact social supports
  • Active religious affiliation or faith (may also be a risk factor if shame/guilt about behaviour is involved)
  • Marriage and presence of dependent children
  • Ongoing supportive relationship with a caregiver
  • Positive therapeutic relationship (APA, 2003)
  • Absence of depression or substance abuse
  • Access to medical and mental health resources
  • Impulse control
  • Proven problem-solving and coping skills
  • Pregnancy (APA, 2003)
  • Life satisfaction (APA, 2003)
  • Relief about not completing suicide (NZGG, 2003)
  • Sense of ‘unfinished business’ (NZGG, 2003)
  • Good self-esteem, self-confidence (NZGG, 2003)
  • Awareness of significant others about their suicidal thoughts (NZGG, 2003)
  • Sense of belonging (Sargent, Williams, Hagerty, Lynch-Sauer & Hoyle., 2006)