Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines

Ostomy Blockage

Signs and Symptoms

  • Cramping abdominal pain with watery or no stool output
  • High output liquid stool to no stool output
  • Reduced to no flatus
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal distention
  • Stomal swelling
  • Colwell, Goldberg, & Carmel, 2004

Foods that may cause blockage and are avoided in the first 6-8 weeks postoperatively

  • Coarse wheat bran
  • Sausage casings
  • Nuts
  • Chinese vegetables
  • Dried fruit
  • Popcorn
  • Fruit pits/seeds
  • Orange membrane
  • Celery
  • Bean sprouts
  • Raw mushrooms
  • Whole kernel corn
  • Raw pineapple