Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines

Health Consequences of Women Abuse

Physical Consequences

  • Abdominal/thoracic injuries
  • Bruises and welts
  • Chronic pain syndrome
  • Disability
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Lacerations and abrasions
  • Ocular damage
  • Reduced physical functioning

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Sexual and Reproductive

  • Gynecological disorders
  • Infertility
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Unsafe abortion
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Unwanted pregnancy
  • Sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS Psychological

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Psychological and Behavioural

  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Smoking
  • Eating and sleep disorders
  • Feelings of shame and guilt
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Phobias and panic disorders
  • Physical inactivity
  • Psychosomatic disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Suicidal behaviour and self harm
  • Unsafe sexual behaviour
  • Substance abuse

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Fatal Health Consequences

  • AIDS-related mortality
  • Maternal mortality
  • Homicide and suicide

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