Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines

Definitions of Common Stomal and Peristomal Complications
Complication Definition
Retraction Disappearance of normal stomal protrusion in line with or below skin level
Peristomal Hernia Defect in the abdominal fascia allowing the gut to bulge into the parastomal area
Prolapse Telescoping of the bowel through the stoma
Necrosis Death of stomal tissue with impaired local blood flow
Peristomal Skin Problems One of a variety of dermatoses affecting the skin immediately surrounding the stoma; common manifestations include irritant dermatitis, allergic dermatitis, candidiasis, folliculitis or trauma

Modified from Colwell and Beitz (2007)