Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines

Consequences of Obesity

Physical Consequences

Metabolic

  • Glucose intolerance and insulin resistance
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Polycystic Ovary Disease
  • Menstrual Abnormalities

Cardiovascular

  • Hypertension
  • Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
  • Early atherosclerosis

Pulmonary

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Asthma

Gastroenterological

  • Non- Alcoholic Steato-Hepatitis (NASH)
  • Cholelithiasis

Musculoskeletal

  • Impaired Balance
  • Joint Pain
  • Back Pain
  • Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses
  • Tibia Vara

Emotional

  • Low Self-esteem
  • Depression

Social

  • Increased stigmatization
  • Teasing and other forms of bullying
  • Social marginalization
  • Discrimination
  • Risk Behavior (e.g. smoking, alcohol and other drug use)