Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines

Care Tips for the Feet

Did you know that having diabetes puts you at risk of developing complications such as foot ulcers?

Yearly exam needed!

Have a health professional examine your feet at least once a year.
Find out if you have lower or higher risk feet.

Risk Factors for Foot Ulcers:

  • A previous foot ulcer
  • Loss of normal feeling in your feet
  • Abnormal shaped foot, including calluses, and bunions
  • Poor circulation to your feet

Managing your blood sugar is important for healthy feet – See your healthcare provider! Get complete diabetes education.


Protect your feet – Follow these simple guidelines:

  1. Check your feet daily
  • Look for red areas, blisters or any open area. If you cannot do this yourself, have someone else check for you.
  • See your doctor or foot specialist right away if you find a problem!

  1. Protect your feet - always wear shoes!
  • Wear shoes that fit well, support your foot and are not too tight.
  • Do not wear shoes that cause reddened or sore areas.
  • See a specialist for footwear advice if you have a higher risk foot.

  1. Keep your skin clean and soft
  • Wash your feet regularly, but do not soak them. Dry well between your toes. Check that the water is not too hot before putting your feet in it.
  • Use unscented creams. Do not put cream between the toes.

  1. Don’t hurt yourself with nail clippers or razors
  • Cut your nails straight across. Get help to cut your nails, if needed.
  • Don’t cut calluses. See a local foot care clinic.
  • Many are covered by the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP).