Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Nursing Best Practice Guidelines



  • Adolescence is a time in one’s life when significant biological, cognitive, emotional, social and ethical development occurs.
  • Mastery of a series of interdependent developmental tasks is central to the concept of adolescence as a transition from childhood to adulthood. Lerner & Galambos (1998) documented the developmental tasks of adolescence to include:
    • Achieving increased independence
    • Adjusting to sexual maturation
    • Establishing cooperative relationships with peers
    • Preparing for meaningful vocation
    • Establishing intimate relationships
    • Developing a core set of values and beliefs
  • Adolescent development and health status are influenced by multitude of factors, and may have either positive or negative impacts. These factors are interdependent and not only involve individuals themselves, but also societal influences and resources
  • A framework based on a population health model provides an overview of the important considerations regarding promotion of healthy adolescent development.
  • The framework is comprised of collective and individual factors such as:
    • income and social status,
    • employment and working conditions,
    • education,
    • social support networks,
    • biological factors,
    • child development, and
    • personal health practices

    all of which interact to influence health and disease processes directly and indirectly.